On your linux machine you should setup a manual network, with the network being 169.254.0.0 (netmask 16) and the gateway being 169.254.1.1.
On the Raspberry Pi the IP is static: 169.254.200.200, with the gateway 169.254.1.1
There is currently an issue on the current Raspberry Pi image (v 2.1.0). There is a route missing, so the Ethernet connection is currently broken. For now you can add it by yourself to make it work. This issue will be fixed on the next software release (beginning of September 2019).